The department of regional history collects all kinds of imagery associated with the history and culture of Westphalia. The beginnings of the collections date back to 1825, when the Verein für Geschichte und Altertumskunde Westfalens, Münster division, was founded.
The establishment of the museum’s own regional history department occurred after its archaeological objects had been handed over to the newly founded Landesmuseum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte, today the LWL-Museum für Archäologie in Herne, in 1934. Since 1965 it has been organising regular exhibitions on historical subjects.
The collection focuses on views of Westphalia, construction drawings, maps, prints of portraits and events including cartoons, as well as such artefacts as weapons, vitreous coats of arms, stove plates and folkloric objects. Noteworthy highlights of the collection concerning historical events are the reign of the so-called Münster “Anabaptists”, the “Peace of Westphalia”, which in 1648-1650 ended the Thirty Years’ War, as well as the Napoleonic era and the revolution of 1848/49.